“Having” and “Not Having”


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There was a carriage in the yard. Osho said to his disciple: “Go, take the horse away.”

A disciple took the horse off the carriage and took it into the stable. Osho asked the disciple: “Are you taking the carriage?” The disciple said: “I am taking the horse, not the carriage.” “It is a horse, not a carriage, good.”

Osho said to him again: “Go, move the cart down and put it in the room on the left.”

The disciple moved the cart down and placed it in the room on the left. Osho asked the disciple again: “Are you moving the carriage?” The disciple said, “I am moving the cart, not the carriage.” “It is the cart, not the carriage, good,”

Osho told him again: “Go, take the rut and put it in the right room.”

The disciple took the rut and put it in the right room. Osho asked the disciple: “Are you taking the carriage?” The disciple said, “I took the rut, not the carriage.” “It’s a rut, not a carriage, good.”

Osho again to the disciple. Said, “Go, remove the wheel and put it in the middle of the room.”

The disciple removed the wheel and placed it in the middle of the room. Osho asked again: “Are you taking the carriage?” The disciple replied: “I took the wheel, not the carriage.” “It’s the wheel, not the carriage. Ok.”

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In the courtyard, where the carriage had stopped, there was nothing left anymore. Osho asked the disciple: “you took the horse, the cart, the shaft, the wheel, but never the carriage. But that is odd. You did not take the carriage, but it is gone. Where is the carriage?”

Osho looked at his disciples and said, “Have you seen the carriage? Why is the carriage gone? When does the carriage stop being a carriage?”

Each item the disciples took was not a carriage but altogether made a carriage. A carriage is nothing but a horse, cart, shafts, and wheels. Separately, the parts are not equal to a carriage, but the essence of a carriage is in them. All things are visible but can be unknown, but we can see and know them by seeing correctly.

Lao Tzu talks about “having” and “not having.” Without “having” and “not having,” how can we talk about Tao? Where is the Tao? Where did the Tao go? All things are not equal to the Tao, but the Tao is in them. Therefore, Confucius said, “the Tao cannot be separated for a moment. It is not the Tao if it can be separated.”

奥修的马车

院子裡有一輛馬車。奧修對弟子說:“去,把馬牽走。”一位弟子就把馬從馬車上卸下來,牽進馬厩。奧修問那位弟子:“你牽走的是馬車嗎?”弟子說:“我牽走的是馬,不是馬車。”“是馬,不是馬車,好的。”奧修又對他說, “去,把車廂搬下來,放進左邊的屋子。”弟子就把車廂搬下來,放進左邊的屋子。奧修又問那位弟子:“你搬走的是馬車嗎?”弟子說:“我搬走的是車廂,不是馬車。”“是車廂,不是馬車,好的。”奧修又對他說,“去,把車轅拿下來,放進右邊的屋子。”弟子就把車轅拿下來,放進右邊的屋子。奧修問那位弟子:“你拿下來的是馬車嗎?”弟子說:“我拿下來的是車轅,不是馬車。”“是車轅,不是馬車,好的。”奧修又對那位弟子說,“去,把車輪卸下來,放進中間的屋子。”弟子就卸下車輪,放進中間的屋子。奧修又問:“你拿走的是馬車嗎?”弟子回答說:“我拿走的是車輪,不是馬車。”“是車輪,不是馬車。好的。”

院子裡剛才停靠馬車的地方,已經空空蕩盪,一無所有,奧修就問那位弟子:“你牽走了馬,拿走了車廂,拿走了車轅,拿走了車輪,從來沒有把馬車拿走。可是,這就奇怪了。你沒有拿走馬車,馬車卻不見了。馬車哪裡去了?”奧修望著眾多弟子說,“你們看到馬車了嗎?馬車怎麼沒有了?馬車哪裡去了?”弟子拿走的每一種物品都不是馬車,但馬車就在其中。馬車就是無,而馬匹,車廂,車轅,車輪都是有。無中生有,有歸於無。無不可見,不可知,但可以通過有來見,來知。

老子談“有無”,談萬事萬物,沒有了“有無”,沒有了萬事萬物,如何談道?道在哪裡呢?道到哪裡去了呢?萬事萬物不完全等同於道,道卻就在其中。所以,孔子說,“道不可須臾離,可離非道也。”

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